Seti’s Hunt For Artificially Intelligent Alien Machines

 

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Searching for extraterrestrial life is extremely abstemious no matter what kind of tactics we are employing to detect signs of extraterrestrial life. Wait, shouldn’t we define our premise of  being intelligent without any kind of  surmised indulgence. The search so far has focused on Earth-like life because that is all we know. Hence, most of the planning missions are focused on locations where liquid water is possible, emphasizing searches for structures that resemble cells of terran organisms, small molecules that might be the products of carbonyl metabolism and amino acids and nucleotides similar to those found in terrestrial proteins and DNA. I’ve written a article, not quite a while back though, ‘Searching For Other Life Forms in Extraterrestrial Environments’ in which I’ve illustrated that life could be a sort of  ‘organized complexity’ that consumes energy, utilized it for some necessary biological/non-biological operations endowed with capability to reproduce ‘itself’  from ‘self’. S o if we really want to alien life forms which are conscious and intelligent, we have to change the view that is mainly inclined to see life only like that is diversed over Earth.

However, life that may have been originated elsewhere, even within our own solar system, could be unrecognizable compared with life here and thus could not be detectable by telescopes and spacecraft landers designed to detect terrestrial biomolecules or their products. We must recognize that our knowledge of the essential requirements for life and therefore our concept on it, is based on our understanding of the biosphere during the later stages of Earth history. Since we only know one example of biomolecular structures for life and considering the difficulty of human mind to create different ideas from what it already knows, it is difficult for us to imagine how life might look in environments very different from what we find on Earth. In the last decades, however, experiments in the laboratory and theoretical works are suggesting that life might be based on molecular structures substantially different from those we know.

It is a relatively simple matter to distinguish between living and inorganic matter on Earth by biochemical experiments even though no formal definition of  life in biochemical terms exists. Experience suggests, for example, that a system capable of converting water, atmospheric nitrogen and carbon dioxide into protein, using light as a source of energy, is unlikely to be inorganic. This approach for recognition of life by phenomenology is the basis of the experiments in detection of life so far proposed. Its weakness lies not in the lack of a formal definition but in the assumption that all life has a common biochemical ancestry.

It is also possible to distinguish living from inorganic matter by physical experiments. For example, an examination of the motion of a salmon swimming upstream suggests a degree of purpose inconsistent with a random inorganic process. The physical approach to recognition of life is no more rigorous, at this stage, than is the biochemical one; it is, however, universal in application and not subject to the local constraints which may have set the biochemical pattern of life on Earth.

Past discussions of the physical basis of life  reach an agreed classification as follows:

“Life is one member of the class of phenomena which are open or continuous reaction systems able to decrease their entropy at the expense of substances or energy taken in from the environment and subsequently rejected in a degraded form”.

This classification is broad and includes also phenomena such as flames, vortex motion and many others. Life differs from the other phenomena so classified in its singularity, persistence, and in the size of the entropy decrease associated with it. Vortices appear spontaneously but soon vanish; the entropy decrease associated with the formation of a vortex is small compared with energy flux. Life does not easily form, but ‘persists indefinitely and vastly modifies its environment. The spontaneous generation of life, according to recent calculations from quantum mechanics [4, 5], is extremely improbable. This is relevant to the present discussion through the implication that wherever life exists its biochemical form will be strongly determined by the initiating event. This in turn could vary with the planetary environment at the time of initiation.

On the basis of the physical phenomenology already mentioned, a planet bearing life is distinguishable from a sterile one as follows:

  • The omnipresence of intense orderliness and of structures and of events utterly improbable on a basis of thermodynamic equilibrium.
  • Extreme departures from an inorganic steady-state equilibrium of chemical potential.

This orderliness and chemical disequilibrium would to a diminished but still recognizable extent be expected to penetrate into the planetary surface and its past history as fossils and as rocks of biological origin. According to a research paper ‘Physical Basis For Detection of  Life’[Nature Vol. 207, No. 4997, pp. 568-570, August 7, 1965.] Chemical detection of life is indeed possible based on equilibrium and orderness. So, how should we search for life(here I’m not considering that this is necessarily a intelligent life).

The distinguishing features of a life-bearing planet  suggest the following simple experiments in detection of life:

A. Search for order.

  1. Order in chemical structures and sequences of structure. A simple gas chromatograph or a combined gas chromatograph – mass spectrometer instrument would seek ordered molecular sequences as well as chemical identities.
  2. Order in molecular weight distributions. Polymers of biological origin have sharply defined molecular weights, polymers of inorganic origin do not. A simple apparatus to seek ordered molecular weight distributions in soil has not yet been proposed but seems worthy of consideration.
  3. Looking and listening for order. A simple microphone is already proposed for other (meteorological) purposes on future planetary probes; this could also listen for ordered sequences of sound the presence of which would be strongly indicative of life. At the present stage of technical development a visual search is probably too complex ; it is nevertheless the most rapid and effective method of life recognition in terms of orderliness outside the bounds of random assembly.

B. Search for non-equilibrium.

  1. Chemical disequilibrium sought by a differential thermal analysis (DTA) apparatus. Two equal samples of the planetary surface would be heated in a DTA apparatus: one sample in the atmosphere of the planet, the other in an inert gas, such as argon. An exotherm on the differential signal between the two samples would indicate a reaction between the surface and its atmosphere, a condition most unlikely to be encountered{ where there is chemical equilibrium as in the absence of life. It should be noted that this method would recognize reoxidizing life on a planet with a reducing atmosphere. This experiment could with advantage and economy be combined with, for example, the gas chromatography mass spectrometry experiment (Al) where it is necessary to heat the sample for vaporization and pyrolysis.
  2. Atmospheric analysis. Search for the presence of compounds in the planet’s atmosphere which are incompatible on a long-term basis. For example, oxygen and hydrocarbons co-exist in the Earth’s atmosphere.
  3. Physical non-equilibrium. A simplified visual search apparatus programmed to recognize objects in non-random motion. A more complex assembly could recognize objects in metastable equilibrium with the gravitational field of the planet. Much of the plant life on Earth falls into this category.

 

The abundance of n-alkanes from an inorganic source (A), Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbons, and from a biological source (B), wool wax. The observed abundances (•-•) are compared with normalized Poisson distributions (-) around the preponderant alkanea detection experiments and to the planning of subsequent experiments. Even on Earth whore life is abundant there are many regions, such as those covered by fresh snow, where a surface sample might be unrewarding in the search for life. The atmospheric composition is largely independent of the site of sampling and provides an averaged value representative of the steady state of chemical potential for the whole planetary surface.

 

Experiments A1, B1 and B2 are the most promising for the development of practical instruments. Indeed, the gas chromatography – mass spectrometry combination experiment and the DTA experiment already proposed for planetary probes are, with minor modifications, capable of recognizing the ordered sequences and chemical disequilibrium discussed earlier. Experiment B2, atmospheric analysis, is simple and practical as well as important in the general problem of detection of life. A detailed and accurate knowledge of the composition of the planetary atmosphere can directly indicate the presence of life in terms of chemical disequilibrium; such knowledge also is complementary to the understanding of other life.

Galactic Clubs

Paul Davies suggests the approach of observational SETI – which tries to detect narrow-band signals directed at Earth by an extraterrestrial civilization — is probably futile, because the existence of a communicating civilization on Earth will not be known to any alien community beyond 100 light years. Instead, he argues “we should search for any indicators of extraterrestrial intelligence, using the full panoply of scientific instrumentation, including physical traces of very ancient extraterrestrial projects in or near the solar system. Radio SETI needs to be re-oriented to the search for non-directed beacons, by staring toward the galactic center continuously over months or even years, and seeking distinctive transient events (‘pings’). This ‘new SETI’ should complement, not replace, traditional radio and optical SETI.  But on second thought, maybe these ideas are not all that fresh. I’ve read these suggestions before in the SETI literature. Indeed, I found most of them cited in his footnotes. Nevertheless we should thank Davies for assembling them in his stimulating and lucid new book.
What are the possible reasons for the “Great Silence”? The following list is of course not original:

1) We are indeed alone, or nearly so. There is no ETI, nor a “Galactic Club” — radio astronomer Ronald Bracewell’s name for the communicating network of advanced civilizations in our galaxy (GC for short).

2) The GC, or at least ETI exists, but is ignorant of our existence (as Davies has once again suggested).

3) We are unfit for membership in the GC, so the silence is deliberate, with a very strict protocol evident, “No Messages to Primitive Civilizations!” Only inadvertent, sporadic and non-repeated signals – for example, the “Wow” signal can be detected by a primitive civilization, with opaque signal content not distinguishable from natural signals or noise.

The first explanation is contrary to the subtext of astrobiology, the belief in quasi-deterministic astrophysical, planetary and biologic evolution. This view of life’s inevitability in the cosmos is a view (or, shall I admit, a prejudice) I heartedly endorse. Most scientists active in the astrobiological research program would support an optimistic estimate of all the probabilities leading up to multicellular life on an Earth-like planet around a Sun-like star.

I happen to be an optimist on this issue too. I have argued that encephalization – larger brain mass in comparison to body mass — and the potential for technical civilizations are not very rare results of self-organizing biospheres on Earth-like planets around Sun-like stars. Biotically-mediated climatic cooling creates the opportunity for big-brained multicellular organisms, such as the warm-blooded animals we observe on our planet. Note that several such animals have now been shown to pass the “mirror test” for self-consciousness: the great apes, elephants, dolphins and magpies, and the list is growing. But if the pessimists concede just one of the millions if not billions of Earth-like planets is the platform for just one technical civilization that matures to a planetary stage, advancing beyond our present primitive self-destructive stage, just one advanced civilization with the curiosity to spread through the galaxy, at sub-light speeds with Bracewell probes to explore and document an Encyclopedia Galactica, then what should we expect?
First, the galaxy should be thoroughly populated with surveillance outposts on a time scale much smaller than the time it took on Earth to produce this cosmically pathetic civilization we call the nearly 200 member nation states of the United Nations, with humanity now hanging under two self-constructed Swords of Damocles: the twin threats of catastrophic global warming and nuclear war.

Second, THEY, or at least their outposts, surely know we exist, since to believe THEY are ignorant of our existence is to assume they somehow bypassed us in their expansion into the galaxy, a scenario I simply find unworthy if not unbelievable for an advanced civilization, especially one in existence for millions if not billions of years. It is important to note that this conclusion is informed by present day physics and chemistry, not a post-Einstein theory that transcends the speed of light.

So we are left with option 3: the aliens are deliberately avoiding communicating with our primitive world. I submit this is by far the most plausible given our current knowledge of science and the likely sheer ordinariness of our chemistry and planetary organization.

Why would we be considered primitive? This should be a no-brainer, even for an Earthling. The world spends $1.4 trillion in military expenditures while millions of our species still die of preventable causes every year. Carbon emissions to the atmosphere continue to climb, even though presently available renewable technologies such as wind turbines exist and are sufficient to completely replace our unsustainable energy infrastructure. As J.D. Bernal once put it, “There is a possibility that the oldest and most advanced civilizations on distant stars have in fact reached the level of permanent intercommunication and have formed…a club of communicating intellects of which we have only just qualified for membership and are probably now having our credentials examined. In view of the present chaotic political and economic situation of the world, it is not by any means certain that we would be accepted.

The technical requirements for a galaxy-wide search are dictated by the size of the radio telescope, with the detection range proportional to the effective diameter of the telescope. A large enough radio telescope situated in space could potentially set meaningful upper limits on the rate of emergence of primitive Earth-like civilizations, without ever actually detecting the leakage radiation of even one ET civilization.  But just how big a telescope is required for this project, and at what cost? Our 1988 paper provided such estimates: a dish diameter on the order of 500 kilometers, at a cost of roughly $10 trillion. Perhaps the cost has come down somewhat (but note the estimate was in 1988 dollars). This is surely a project with a vanishingly small chance of implementation in today’s world. I could only conceive of a demilitarized newly mature planetary civilization, call it Earth-United (Finally!), with any intention of implementing such an ambitious project that has no apparent immediate practical benefits. Then and only then would we successively detect a message from the GC, presumably faint enough to be only detectable with a huge radio telescope in space.

On the other hand, the GC may be monitoring biotically-inhabited planets by remote Bracewell probes that have programmed instructions. Such a probe would plausibly be now hiding in the asteroid belt (as Michael Papagiannis once suggested). If the GC exists, there was ample time to set up this surveillance system long ago. Surveillance probes so situated in planetary systems would send welcoming signals to newly mature civilizations, with the potential for a real conversation with artificial intelligence constructed by the GC, if not reconstructed biological entities. If this proposed surveillance system is absent, we should expect the GC to use highly advanced telescopes to monitor planetary systems that have prospects for the emergence of intelligent life and technical civilizations. These alien telescopes could use gravitational lenses around stars. Planetary system candidates to the GC could expect to receive continuous beacons, but the signals would be very weak or disguised so that they would only be decipherable by newly mature civilizations that just pass the entrance requirements. The problem with this scenario is there would be a fairly long communication delay with the GC, because they would be so far away. Nevertheless, reception of a rich message from the GC is possible. The material and/or energy resources needed for these signals to be recognized must correspond with great probability to a newly ripe mature civilization. Hence, cleverness in itself cannot be the criteria for successful detection and decipherment, otherwise a brilliant scientist on a primitive civilization might jump the GC protocol.

I submit that if we want to enter the Galactic Club, the challenge lies in reconstructing our global political economy. A few minor side benefits should result, like no more war, no more poverty, a future for all of humanity’s children with a substantial proportion of biodiversity intact. We should not expect the Galactic Club to save us from ourselves.

Machine Intelligence

It took until the 17th century for us to reject Aristotle’s vision of a universe where our Sun and the stars revolved around the Earth. Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Senior Astronomer Seth Shostak points out that up until a century ago, the scientific community believed a vast engineering society was responsible for building an irrigation system on the surface of Mars. Discovering the Martians could, in principle, be done by simply turning an Earth-based telescope in the direction of the Red Planet. Now it seems that our best chance for finding Martian life is to dig deep into the surface in search of subterranean microbes.

Our idea of extraterrestrial life has changed drastically in 100 years, but our search strategies have not kept up. In his  paper “What ET will look like and why should we care?” for the November-December issue of Acta Astronautica, Shostak argues that SETI might be more successful if it shifts the search away from biology and focuses squarely on artificial intelligence. Shostak sees a clear distinction between life and intelligence: he says we should be searching for extraterrestrial machines.

ET machines would be infinitely more intelligent and durable than the biological intelligence that invented them. Intelligent machines would in a sense be immortal, or at least indefinitely repairable, and would not need to exist in the biologically hospitable “Goldilocks Zone” most SETI searches focus on. An AI could self-direct its own evolution. Every new instance of an AI would be created with the sum total of its predecessor’s knowledge preloaded. The machines would require two primary resources: energy to operate with and materials to maintain or advance their structure. Because of these requirements, Shostak thinks SETI ought to consider expanding its search to the energy- and matter-rich neighborhoods of hot stars, black holes and neutron stars.

Shostak further argues that Bok globules are another search target for sentient machines. These dense regions of dust and gas are notorious for producing multiple-star systems. At around negative 441 degrees Fahrenheit, they are about 160 degrees F colder than most of interstellar space. This climate could be a major draw because thermodynamics implies that machinery will be more efficient in cool regions that can function as a large “heat sink”. A Bok globule’s super-cooled environment might represent the Goldilocks Zone for the machines. But because black holes and Bok globules are not hospitable to life as we know it, they are not on SETI’s radar. Machines have different needs. They have no obvious limits to the length of their existence, and consequently could easily dominate the intelligence of the cosmos. In particular, since they can evolve on timescales far, far shorter than biological evolution, it could very well be that the first machines on the scene thoroughly dominate the intelligence in the galaxy. It’s a “winner take all” scenario.

I find Shostak’s claim that alien should be resting in super cold zones that can function a large heat sink, is equally as falsifiable. A machine indeed need a heat sink but only in its premordial age. Since aliens have created such kind of super intelligent machine that can comprehend and interact efficiently with our mysterious universe, it becomes necessary imitate the premise that such machines would more likely be self replicative. A replicative would more likely be resting somewhere near a asteroid belt from where it could get material to survive3 and self reproduce it on to.  A number of fundamental but far-reaching ethical issues are raised by the possible existence of replicating machines in the Galaxy. For instance, is it morally right, or equitable, for a self-reproducing machine to enter a foreign solar system and convert part of that system’s mass and energy to its own purposes? Does an intelligent race legally “own” its home sun, planets, asteroidal materials, moons, solar wind, and comets? Does it make a difference if the planets are inhabited by intelligent beings, and if so, is there some lower threshold of intellect below which a system may ethically be “invaded” or expropriated? If the sentient inhabitants lack advanced technology, or if they have it, should this make any difference in our ethical judgment of the situation?

The number of intelligent races that have existed in the pant may be significantly greater than those presently in existence. Specifically, at this time there may exist perhaps only 10% of the alien civilizations that have ever lived in the Galaxy – the remaining 90% having become extinct. If this is true, then 9 of every 10 replicating machines we might find in the Solar System could be emissaries from long-dead cultures . If we do in fact find such machines and are able to interrogate them successfully, we may become privy to the doings of incredibly old alien societies long since perished. These societies may lead to many others, so we may be treated, not just to a marvelous description of the entire biology and history of a single intelligent race, but also to an encyclopedic travelogue describing thousands or millions of other extraterrestrial civilizations known to the creators of the probe we are examining. Probes will likely contain at least an edited version of the sending race’s proverbial “Encyclopedia Galactica,” because this information is essential if the probe is to make the most informed and intelligent autonomous decisions during its explorations.

SRS probes can be sent to other star systems to reproduce their own kind and spread. Each machine thus created may be immortal (limitlessly self-repairing) or mortal. If mortal, then the machines may be further used as follows. As a replicating system degrades below the point where it is capable of reproducing itself, it can sink to a more simple processing mode. In this mode (useful perhaps as a prelude to human colonization) the system merely processes materials, maybe also parts and sub-assemblies of machines, as best it can and stockpiles them for the day when human beings or new machines will arrive to take charge and make use of the processed matter which will then be available. As the original machine system falls below even this level of automation competence, its function might then be redirected to serve merely as a link in an expanding interstellar repeater network useful for navigation or communications. Thus, at every point in its lifespan, the SRS probe can serve its creators in some profitable capacity. A machine which degrades to below the ability to self-reproduce need not simply “die.”

In my earlier article “More Speculations About Intelligent Self  Replicating Exploration Probes“, I pointed out that such probes would more likely be ‘Postmodified Biological’. It is not to dismay that such probes could go through evolutionary changes and be more intelligent. A consensus is that replicating probes should be manufactured using nanomaterials e.g. catoms while it seems significantly plausible that such probes could , in fact, be biological based on rather different mechanisms-brain can be programmed and a powerful microprocessor and other cyberweaponry could be installed, a kind of cyberbiotic probes, designed in a essence to be able of surviving interstellar radiation. Vivid changes as per accordance to requirements, could be installed to work perfectly and replicate themselves even when there is no cargo halt to get metallic material.

[Ref: Astrobiology Magazine, quotations from Astrobiology Mgazine, Nature Vol. 207, No. 4997, pp. 568-570, August 7, 1965]

Video: Unexplained STS-75 Tether Incident Explained?

NASA’s STS-75 Tether mystery explained! Don’t know what the mystery was? Well, in december 1996 Nasa conducted a experiment that was to determine if tethers could be a reliable source of electrical energy, instead of batteries or generators, for the space station, satellites and other orbital missions. The results appear to show that more energy than anticipated was generated. NASA is now seeking a stronger material to carry this higher electrical load. The cable, made from copper, teflon and carbon fibers had snapped and separated fromthe space vehicle and was slowly drifting away. Examination of the cable shows that it actually melted from over 35,000 watts of electrical energy that was generated by its travel through the Earth’s magnetosphere. But it was what happened after the accident that was significant. As the tether separated and drifted behind the shuttle craft, it elongated. Mission control instructed astronaut Franklin to take a picture of it with the onboard infrared camera. As he focused and zoomed in on the broken tether the image was projected on huge screens in Houston. Engineers couldn’t believe what they were seeing.

If the plate-like objects pass behind the 12 mile long tether, which is itself more than 80 nautical miles from the space vehicle, the estimated size must then be about 2-3 miles in diameter! In the video there is a white line, theextended tether, surrounded by an ever increasing number of fuzzy, circular shapes. Some are small but others were huge. The large ones afforded a better assessment of the shape and revealed a hole in the center and a “notch,” sometimes two, on the peripheral egde. This notch seems to appear in different locations on different shapes, eliminating the possibility of a video lens or camera iris artifact. From Viewzone Magazine:

The shapes seem to pulsate as they move. Some have described the movement as a contraction or winding motion which alternatively unwinds and releases. The hole in the center often can be seen expanding andcontracting slightly. In short, these do not seem to be vehicles or artifacts, but rather living things!

 

The images above were cpatured in the United Kingdom using an infrared camera. Note the similarity to the NASA images with the central hole and the peripheral “notch.” Critics of the “alien” assessment point out that all of the objects seem to be positioned too perfectly for the camera. If the hole suggests that the objects are flat or plate-like, why do we neversee them edge on? They claim that this must prove that the shapes are, in fact, ice crystals or some other minute debris that is closer to the camera and so out of focus. Certainly this phenomenon is well known and has happened to almost everyoneat some time when taking pictures, especially in the snow orin a dusty room. But the video clearly shows these objects moving at variable speeds, sometimes stopping and changing direction. Critics have yet to explain how space debris could do this. Arguments are enough! From viewzone:

In the past decade we have seen life existing at the depths of our oceans, thriving in unimained pressure and temperatures. We have seen it thriving under miles of the Earth’s crust and under freezing glaciers in Antarctica. It is not impossible to imagine forms of life that can exist in a vacuum, possibly thriving on radiation and other sources of energy that we know little about.

I happen to agree with this statement. Indeed, it could be a sort of life form and you can’t ignore the compelling case of such life forms. Question, question please!? How could they thrive in vacuum and what’s the energy source for exotic biological processes? Well, answer is here! It could be a life form possibly thriving in radiation and it gets energy from intuitive solar wind and cosmic radiation. Its vast size may cull up more and more radiation. Not harsh enough to be discerned!

Why Extraterrestrial Contact is ‘NOT’ Blithering?

Currently, we are a developed(?) sentient terrestrial being who has just started exploring this mysterious universe and searching whether there is another extraterrestrial being spawning somewhere in the corner of cosmos. According to some great minds(or so assumed), the contact with extraterrestrial is hopeless. The major complications which are involved in extraterrestrial contact are enormous distanced heavenly bodies coupled with light speed limit. SETI researchers routinely subscribe to view that interstellar travel between galactic habitable zones is exceedingly improbable due to velocity of light limitation with some solutions offered to that. Miguel Alcubierre has proposed a theoretical possibility of hyperluminal speed travel which would acquire space time metric engineering.

To elaborate the metric engineering perspective, we begin with the apparent velocity of light limitation. As a physical concept, this limitation is based on the fact that mass and energy find mathematical expression in a form proportional to 1/√(1-(v/c)²) which implies that an infinite amount of energy would be required to accelerate a mass to near light speed. A hidden assumption in the argument that this constitutes a practical limitation with regard to interstellar travel, however, is that light of speed is absolute. A commenter, Dave pointed out that speed of light is not absolute constant ultimately. I’m agree with him pretty much. The speed of light can be formulated as c=1/√(magnetic permeablity of vaccum*electric permittivity of vaccum).

Let begin with me and consider the modifying space time itself. What if extraterrestrial are going to modify the space time by utilizing their advanced science. If maxwell’s equations are modified by implementing technological means and these two basic factors, on to which light speed depends are lessened to a extent where light speed becomes 10c or so. This approach would eventually allow superluminal travel without the violation of physical laws. Applying and modifying gravity might also work. Casimir effect is most useful in modifying space time. It was observed that when a photon passes through the casimir plates, its speed is increased which is due subsequential reduction in vaccum energy. By applying pesky wormhole tricks and implementation of casimir effect at macroscopic level could make it even easier. Though we may fail to establish any contact with extraterrestrials yet we can’t dismiss the possibility that extraterrestrial might come anywhere, anytime! Living as we do in technological triumphant times, we are inclined to view interstellar travel, as a technical challenge, will no doubt be difficult but feasible, given the right way and resourcefulness.

Our radical assumption is that extraterrestrial civilizations are very far flunged which might not be true at all. We need to redefine what we are searching for: extraterrestrial intelligence or extraterrestrial human being. If our SETI pioneers are searching for second, I’m clarifying here intimacy is not likely either. Just hover your eyes over a square kilometer of jungle then probably you will realize why I’m claiming this. Even on our planet we can see a vivid biodiversity from insects to squids. Forget not, human evolved just because of a splitted gene. Now time travel to 65million years back to the cretaceous period and deflect that big asteroid by sequential hydrogen bomb explosion-something that somehow will save the dinosaurs and jet their evolution to continue. Now go forward in time in the same splitted timeline and you will probably intimate a reptilian civilization, may once portraying the false assumption of extraterrestrial civilization. You know evolution of human was impossible if dinosaurs had survived the catastrophe. Thusly, it can be argued critically that we may not find homonid aliens however.

The third crucial assumption which called into question and redefined, short life time of extraterrestrial eventually precluding the interstellar travel. Interstellar travel involves enormous distances and when coupled with light speed limit, it becomes almost impossible to make a journey withing our life time of not even a century. It may be a intricate problem for us due to our shorter life terms. But this may not be applicable for extraterrestrial life. While assuming any limitation for extraterrestrial life from our point of view, we should rethink at least twice. It is possible that extraterrestrial may have life time of several million years. Recently, 40 million year old bacteria( Bacillus Sphaericus) were found in a stomach of a bee encased in a amber. These bacteria were also found in a state of suspended animation and were re animated in a laboratory. So this can be assumed that fleet of technological civilization may survive for thousands of years at the least. Thus, increasing the probability of extraterrestrial contact.

Now, I think this analysis might provide a key to understanding some basic prospects of extraterrestrial contact which is purported to vague by researchers.

Martian Conspiracy Revisited: Full Overview of Old Conspiracy With New Evidences

There are secret societies on Mars, which are often linked to illuminati. There are also spiritual and indigenous evolved alien civilization living under martian surface. Richard Hoagland, a scientist who had been involved in such researches has shown in his credible works that there is somethings which has been covered up.

For three decades, several astronomers in different parts of the world reported seeing flashing and moving lights on the surface of Mars, some huge explosions, and other strange unnatural phenomenon. In 1927, the U.S. government carried out a public experiment designed to try to detect intelligent life on Mars, by sending radio transmissions toward that planet and waiting for an answer.

A series of dots and dashes, in Morse code was revealed on a machine, reportedly originating from the direction of Mars, and drawing a human face on a piece of receiving paper in dots and dashes! This drawing in Morse code was displayed in the Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. In 1976 the famous Viking probe was sent to Mars by NASA, and out of over 2,000 photos reportedly taken of that planet, only a small fraction were shown to the public. Since most of those photos were not released to the news-media, were they trying to hide something?

One photo that was published by the U.S. daily newspapers over a decade later, shows what many researchers believe to bepyramids and a huge face carved into the surface of Mars. We have studied other Mars photos showing what appears to be an ancient ruined city, roads, rectangular buildings, and walls. Skeptics say that shadows may make natural objects appear like a man-made structure, yet all the photos taken from different angles of the sun and the cameras show the exact same objects the same way, ruling out the shadow theory.

The proof that the NASA space program covers up the truth about Mars is all tile serious contradictions in their public data.

  • NASA told the public that the Martian atmosphere is less than one percent of that of Earth. Then how could their 50 foot parachute on the rocket they landed on Mars even slow it down? Scientists calculated NASA would need a parachute over a mile wide to slow down the Viking probe in a one percent atmosphere! Their 50 foot parachute would crash like a rock!
  • Furthermore, if the Martian atmosphere is only one percent of Earth’s, how can sand dunes similar to our deserts in Arizona be photographed. Impossible! It would take 200 mile-per-hour winds on a planet with air said to be so thin that no winds over 40 miles-per-hour had ever been recorded, and the warm rising air to cause those winds did not even exist on that part of Mars (according to other NASA data).
  • NASA also claimed that the temperatures around the Martian polar areas was a minus 90 to 120 degrees, in a region where another NASA statement said the polar ice melts. How can ice melt at minus 90 to 120 degrees below zero? It melts at 32 degrees above zero.
  • How can NASA land a probe on Mars that shoots out a flame that burns the soil below it at thousands of degrees with deadly chemicals, then a shovel scoops up that SAME fried poisoned soil and reports “there is no life in it.” What life on Earth could survive in soil blasted at thousands of degrees by poisonous chemicals ? All the loose topsoil of any potential biological value was blown away by the rocket landing.

NASA data, to a meteorologist, problematically proves Mars is much warmer than official reports stated. Ground fog is made by warm moist air moving across cool land or water, and ground fog is a product of temperatures ABOVE 32 degrees Fahrenheit. Water-based clouds like on Earth have been photographed about 15,000 feet over Mars, and such clouds and fog cannot exist in an atmospheric pressure of only 7.7 millibars. Evidence indicates that 32 degrees above zero must exist up to at least 15,000 feet on Mars, which is higher than Haleakala Crater in Hawaii. We all know we can live as we walk through Haleakala. Minus 122 degree temperatures can exist in certain parts of Mars, just like minus127 degrees has been recorded on Earth.

Hoagland is the famous scientists who wrote the Monuments of Mars and publicly exposed the Face, pyramids, and other Martian and Lunar ruins on CNN, major newspapers, and national and international magazines. He came to Maui in 1994 when I was only able to say Hi and shake hands. Later I became affiliated with his Mars Mission to expose this huge news. We witnessed color photos of the shattered domes and other artifacts on the Moon blown up to movie theater screen size at the Castle Theater on Maui. They were shocking evidence of some incredible ancient Lunar cataclysms.

Hoagland also sent details of suppressed photos taken by Clementine that further confirm this evidence and a lot more. It also turned out that NASA had been releasing several-generation copies of the key photos instead of the clearest archive originals, and in the archives same key photos were missing completely! Hoagland had demanded access to the NASA archives and was given a lot of run-around until certain NASA researchers sided with him and showed him some hidden evidence. We suggest to you… go to a video store and rent out Arnold’s classic movie Total Recall. This is a mostly TRUE MOVIE aboutsecret Pentagon/ Soviet/ Illuminati activities on Mars. A lot of truth is leaking out as so-called fragmented fiction. Some researchers now think the 39,000 year old Egyptian Sphinx was a Sirian/Martian GODDESS whose breasts were sheered off by invading Christians who condemned goddess worship and defaced the hair and face destroying its feminine features. This information comes from the Phoenix Project scientists and technicians.

There are plenty of such researches, which are only oriented to detect flaws in NASA data and put the truth out there. Mars Anomaly Research is one of the most popular website which covers various evidences and revealing the truth of Martian data.

We have much detail on the Baavian civilization on their home planet, in our other publications. The Martians who landed on Earth about 11 to 12 thousand years ago, over hundreds of generations, slowly adopted to lower elevations and Earth’s climate as they gradually migrated to the lowlands over the centuries to seed the Asian races.

Other research states that Mars was involved in nuclear wars when the Orion Empire invaded our solar system in ancient times, devastating the forests, oceans, rivers, and atmosphere on both Mars and Mercury ….. and causing the destruction of the ancient prehistoric Atlantean Empire on Earth. The nuclear devastation in Atlantean times was so great very little trace remains today of that culture. Other reports indicate Mars was also devastated by a catastrophic approach of a comet in ancient times, indicating more than one great cataclysm on Mars (we have scientific evidence of 5 great world cataclysms on Earth in ancient times).

Many Martians chose to colonize the safe inside of their planet deep underground, rather than to flee to Earth. Today an entire civilization of artificial dome-shaped protected underground cities, air-conditioned with controlled climate and connected by tunnels and subways… exist all around Mars. These self-sufficient underground communities grow their own food in artificial food facilities created by their superior technology, mine the interior of the planet, and manufacture space-craft. Mars is reportedly no longer involved in colonizing the Earth or trying to substantially interfere in our affairs like they did in ancient times.

There are also different races living on Mars. These races originate from other solar systems, and are not at the same level of spiritual, technical, or intellectual evolution, disagreeing on interplanetary affairs. One race active on Mars is reportedly from Zeta Reticuli, a small humanoid grey race with large heads, long slender arms, and no lungs (they do not need an atmosphere to breath), and no digestive system as we know the Zetans are biologically somewhat like insects, with thick tough skin adaptable withstanding a harsher atmosphere like on the surface of Mars. There are also androids and robots living on the Martian surface!
The Sirian Interplanetary Empire reportedly claimed Mars before it claimed Earth in Atlantean times, and the ancients called the Sirian constellation the Phoenix Constellation.
The Phoenician Empire in ancient Persia worshipped Sirius, and the Phoenix Project of the Secret Government (Illuminati) using technology Tesla, Einstein, Parsons, and Von Neumann, was named after the Sirian solar system and constellation. Its former directors now trying to expose its secrets claimed that the Sirians gave them their technology of mind-control, time-travel, invisibility, etc.

Is There Life in Martian Caves?

Caves have been found on Mars – and they could be home to alien life, scientists said on Sunday.

The entrances to seven possible caverns on the slopes of a 16km-high (10mile) Martian volcano called Arsia Mons were spotted by Nasa satellites.

The find will fuel suggestions that life may exist in ‘underground habitats’ on the Red Planet. The caves could one day become shelters for astronauts, scientists at the US space agency said.

The holes named Dena, Chloe, Wendy, Annie, Abbey, Nicki and Jeanne were described as ‘very dark, nearly circular features’ ranging from about 100m (328ft) to 250m (820ft) across.

They may be at least 100m (300ft) deep and the only natural structures capable of protecting life from meteor strikes, radiation and solar flares that bombard the planet’s surface. Astronomer Tim Titus of the US Geological Survey said: ‘Somewhere on Mars, caves might provide a protected niche for past or current life. ‘Whether these are just deep vertical shafts or openings into big caverns, they are entries to under the surface of Mars.’
Recent findings from HiRise Camera shows a cave on Mars which might be a way to underground civilization.

Using the camera on NASA’s Mars Odyssey orbiter, 16 seventh-graders at Evergreen Middle School in Cottonwood, Calif., found lava tubes with one pit that appears to be a skylight to a cave. Mars Odyssey has been orbiting the Red Planet since 2001, returning data and images of the Martian surface and providing relay communications service for Mars Rovers Spirit and Opportunity.

The students in Dennis Mitchell’s science class were examining Martian lava tubes as their project in the Mars Student Imaging Program offered by NASA and Arizona State University. According to the university, the imaging program allows students in upper elementary grades through to college students to participate in Mars research by having them develop a geological question to answer. The students actually command a Mars-orbiting camera to take an image to answer their question. Since MSIP began in 2004, more than 50,000 students have participated.
The feature, on the slope of an equatorial volcano named Pavonis Mons, appears to be a skylight in an underground lava tube. Similar ‘cave skylight’ features have been found elsewhere on Mars, but this is the first seen on this volcano.

Other Anomalies

  • Wood Found on Mars!

Someone at NASA released a photo that they shouldn’t have, a picture of a piece of timber the size of a railroad tie, a photo that could get someone killed. There is no mistaking that the object in the print below is a piece of wood. NASA claims that Mars is a desert planet with no life at all. NASA lies, repeatedly.

Wood!Where would a piece of timber this size come from? There are vast forests on Mars, ones that are kept from the public. This piece of wood looks like it floated to its present location, being partially sunk in the soil. The ground around it is very interesting. Notice the flat rock formation of the soil and the crevices in between them. Does this look familiar? It appears to be the bed of a dried up pond. There had to be a significant amount of water in this area, water high enough to lift that railroad tie sized piece of timber and float is perhaps several miles. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter showed that vast regions of the Red Planet have been altered by floods. This dried pond effect should come as no surprise.

This flood had to have happened within the past thirty or forty years because the wood is intact, though this is judging the rate of decay by Earth standards. Some may say that Mars did have water on it long ago and that it even had an atmosphere, which is true, but a piece of timber isn’t going to survive for thousands of years.

Both of the Viking Orbiters filmed vast forests on Mars[1], though no subsequent probe to the Red Planet has shot a single frame of film showing a tree. This was by design. The Viking photographs show more than just a few trees but rather thousands upon thousand of them. These trees appear to be much larger than Earth trees, having a leaf and branch system that is unique to Mars. The foliage spans much wider than a similar plants on Earth do, rising to who knows what heights. The spacing between them could be the result of the dying Martian atmosphere. Dense forests more than likely filled large areas of Mars back in the days when it had a breathable environment. There were undoubtedly several species of trees, and different varieties of underbrush, which are now extinct.

[Image Details: The above second image provides a bit closer but also a bit poorer resolution view. Because of the original poor resolution, it doesn't tells us too much more than the more distant view. However, what can be seen is that the dark area edge where it meets the light color highly reflective area is uniformly elevated above the light color level area. This would be typical of dense forest growth growing right up to the shoreline edge of a body of water that it can't grow out into.

For those who might think of it, it is remotely possible but not very likely that the light color area tampering may be blotting out something more artificial than natural. However, the grainy but smooth surface texture of the map type tampering in the light color area tells me that this application is mapping to a relatively smooth level surface typical of a body of water in a shallow terrain depression as opposed to elevated structures. Further, the irregular but distinct edge between the dark and light areas is much more typical of forest shoreline bordering on a natural body of water rather than on organized evidence like artificial structures.

The main thrust of this M10-00628 strip based evidence here is to emphasize the living biological forest growth reporting and not the speculation that the level light color area is a body of water. I only mention this to put this scene in a truer perspective and to counter the interpretive impact of the image tampering illusion covering up the water. Remember, the fact that the image tampering is there at all is a pretty clear indication that this is a surface water site simply because it required hiding.

Meanwhile, while we are discussing this particular official science data strip and water, for those interested in downloading and examining the original M10-00628 science data image to confirm and verify the vegetation forest life evidence presented here behind me, you should be aware that scrolling down near the bottom of the official image will reveal a mostly obscured river system in this same image. It isn't visually the best evidence in the world either because it has been impacted by image tampering and poor resolution, but it is there for those interested in taking a look.]

The Flood destroyed the Garden of Eden and other ancient worlds that God wanted destroyed such as Atlantis. The Ancient Egyptians spoke of a time that existed before Egypt. The Sphinx clearly shows signs of water erosion, which shows that it existed before the Flood and well before modern archeologists claim that it did. The same wiping out strategy was applied to worlds beyond the Earth. Mars has an ancient world that was destroyed, one with a face and a pyramid. So it isn’t so hard to believe that the moon did as well.

Many claim that the moon isn’t a moon at all but an alien object that was placed in Earth orbit. Some have called it Luna. They claim that the moon was not mentioned in the Biblical story of creation, but it was. The moon was referred to as “the lesser light that rules the night” in Genesis 1:16. The moon stopped in the sky in Joshua 10:30 but this had nothing to do with the alien presence there.

The aliens live on the surface of the moon, but this is in no way saying that there isn’t an alien presence inside the moon as well. If you take some time to use your photo editor with high-resolution photos of the moon, it won’t take you long to find these structures. NASA will suggest that you created this or that it is really part of a crater. Stop and ask yourself one question, if the moon really is as NASA claims that it is, then why are some photos classified and unavailable to the public while others are inked and blurred?

One of the most famous examples of this is the Apollo 16 “Earth rise” photo in which “the Earth” is rising over the moon. NASA says that the object in the picture is the Earth and few people question it. If you think for yourself, and look with an open mind, you will clearly see that this is a UFO. This is another craft off to the left, which NASA doesn’t even attempt to explain away.

The fact that trees can survive in such an atmosphere, and with much less water than Earth trees do, reveals their unique structure while offering hope for an increasingly polluted Earth. Since the Martian atmosphere is 95% carbon dioxide, these plants would have to thrive on it in a way much superior to Earth trees. They may give off oxygen, though I am using terrestrial vegetation for comparison, but they could give off another gas, one even toxic to humans. Seeding or drafting these trees in bulk could bring breathable air back to the Red Planet. If Mars was so altered by water, then where did all that water go? Some of it went into the soil, much of it is frozen at the poles, and a good percentage of it went into a lake. NASA didn’t need to spend all that money on the Phoenix Mission in order to search for water on Mars. All they had to do was look at their old photographs.

The only way that piece of timber got to where it was is by way of flood, and the only way that it separated from the tree that it was once a part of was by high and rapidly flowing water. Based on the findings of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, that piece of wood could’ve floated for some distance before coming to its final resting place.

The lake, although frozen, Mars having a mean surface temperature of -46 degrees C, must contain more than just water. There has to be some amebas and other single celled organisms in these waters. There are most likely fossils of Martian fish and perhaps even Martian animals. On Earth, old lake beds are a prime location in which to find dinosaur fossils. Why would Mars be any different?

If you examine the lake carefully, especially toward the right angle, you will notice two indentations. One is large and shallow while the other one, which is located near the right edge of the lake, is small but much deeper. These are due to the lake shifting as the result of temperature fluctuations.

NASA can keep telling its lies but the photos have slipped out and what a story they tell. NASA thought that the Opportunity Rover took a picture of the area in front of it, but did they honestly expect us to forget about the railroad sized piece of timber in the foreground? It’s time for NASA to come clean with the public. It’s time that they land one of those rovers in Cydonia, the Inca city, or in one of forests.

  • Glass Tunnels on Mars

  • Mars Lander spots falling snow

Nasa’s Phoenix spacecraft has discovered evidence of past water at its Martian landing site and spotted falling snow for the first time, scientists reported. Soil experiments revealed the presence of two minerals known to be formed in liquid water. Scientists identified the minerals as calcium carbonate, found in limestone and chalk, and sheet silicate. But exactly how that happened remains a mystery.

A laser aboard the Phoenix recently detected snow falling from clouds more than two miles above its home in the northern arctic plains. The snow disappeared before reaching the ground. Phoenix landed in the Martian arctic plains in May on a three-month mission to study whether the environment could be friendly to microbial life. One of its biggest discoveries so far is confirming the presence of ice on the planet.

Scientists long suspected frozen water was buried in the northern plains based on measurements from an orbiting spacecraft. The lander also found that the soil was slightly alkaline and contained important nutrients and minerals. Scientists think there could have been standing water at the site in the past or the ice could have melted and interacted with the minerals.

“Is this a habitable zone on Mars? I think we’re approaching that hypothesis,” said chief scientist Peter Smith of the University of Arizona. “We understand, though, that Mars has many surprises for us and we have not finished our investigation.”

Mars today is frigid and dry with no sign of water on the surface, but researchers believe the planet once was warmer and wetter. Nasa extended the three-month mission through the end of the year if Phoenix can survive. With summer waning, less sunlight is reaching the spacecraft’s solar panels. Phoenix will be out of touch with ground controllers briefly in November when the sun is between Earth and Mars, blocking communications.

Scientists are racing to use the remaining four of Phoenix’s eight tiny test ovens before the lander dies. The ovens are designed to sniff for traces of organic, or carbon-based compounds, that are considered the building blocks of life. Experiments so far have failed to turn up definitive evidence of organics.

The past decade has seen a rapid increase in technology and possibilities to look for life on different planets. Further mission to Mars will undoubtedly increase or understanding of the history of the red planet and probably offer insights into our own evolution. With all the evidence pointing at the moment to a warm and wet early Martian environment, it may be conceivable that life was thriving in a hypersaline ancient ocean on early Mars. Similar to the modern day environment of Shark Bay, stromatolites may have been present at the time, harboring and sheltering life. Once the environment was changing, in particular the loss of water, organisms may have been entrapped within forming salt crystals. Those crystals containing halophilic Archaea perhaps may still be lying dormant beneath the Martian surface, waiting for us to find them.

Now you have to decide what is acceptable?

[Ref: NASA, Mallin Space Science System, and Mars Anomaly Research]

[Credits: BBC, UFO-Aliens and Wes Penre]

Surviving Alien Invasion: Filmmaker’s Worst Nightmare

How human psychology works, we don’t know yet? So, forecasting alien psychology would be total stupidity. It seems that sci fi movienakers want to show human as superior race to aliens, why? Since they get more money. You haven’t seen any movie which has focused alien victory. Films like Independence Day is one of the worst movies(scientifically and logically), I have seen ever. I have tackled the question of why in detail in my older post “40 Things About Alien Visitors“. Here are some points from that post:

1. Aliens like to blow up significant land marks first. Apparently the best way to destroy a city is to position your “Death Ray” over the most recognizable building.
2. All pro-UFO people are morons who dance atop the building directly under the Death Ray.
3. If alien “Destroyers” come to your city to blast it into oblivion, leave BEFORE they fire the Death Ray.
4. If alien “Destroyers” come to your city to blast it into oblivion and you are caught in traffic at the last minute, make sure that you are travelling with a dog and a small child. The Law of Averages says you’ll survive the Death Ray.
5. If alien “Destroyers” come to your city to blast it into oblivion and you are caught in traffic at the last minute, make sure that you are NOT a raspy-voiced cable TV executive. The Law of Averages says you’ll get waxed by the Death Ray.
6. Stripping is a lucrative profession that allows one to “Pay the bills,” “take care of one’s boy,” and own a nice house in a middle class subdivision.

11. Area 51 has a big chain-link fence around it, and the guards at the gate wear black combat fatigues with white metal helmets in 120 degree heat.
12. Any bonehead with an RV can get to Area 51 by driving across the Salt Flat to the gate and flashing a captured alien to the guard.
13. Standard operating procedure for the Air Force is to cluster all vehicles, aircraft, and ground personnel on a 200 meter section of tarmac in the middle of an Alien Invasion.

15. It appears that the F-18 must have had a 1000 unit production run.
16. Both F-18s and B-2s must close to within 10 km of a target 20 km across before engaging with both air-to-air missiles and aerial launched nuclear cruise missiles.
17. People too drunk to walk can still fly crop dusters and F-18s.
18. Any bonehead with rudimentary aviation experience can be taught to pilot an F-18 in 5 hours.
19. Any bonehead with F-18 flight experience can learn to pilot an Alien fighter in 5 minutes.

22. Aliens are stupid. When one of their fighters approaches the carrier, they don’t bother to communicate with the pilot.

24. Aliens are unbelievably stupid. While unarmed and unarmored, they do things to piss off people with hand guns.
25. Aliens are just too stupid for words to express. An alien air traffic controller can look at a fighter that has been human-modified for 20 minutes and is only 50 feet away and not notice the welded-on missile rack until the missile is fired through his work station.

36. In 10 hours, one man with a Macintosh Laptop can code a virus in C++ that will take down a completely alien computer system.
37. Even though the Mac isn’t compatible with most other Earthly operating systems, it can interface with an alien computer.
38. Alien network security is nonexistent.

You can read more points here.

Though chances are far less that aliens prove to nomads, looking to conquer planet Earth and are thirsty of human blood and flesh. But what if  that case might be proven true means aliens are highly nomads and want to eradicate humanity? We might need an defence strategy which may help us to survive for long time. We (humanity as a whole) currently suffer from a window of vulnerability. We’re sufficiently advanced to attract attention with radio signals as far as sixty or seventy lightyears away, but woefully inadequate to the task of defending ourselves from anyone who might show up in response.

By some five to seven centuries from now we should pretty much be able to take care of ourselves in this regard– if nothing else, we should have a sufficient contingent off-planet by that time to insure humanity’s survival if Earth itself is wiped out. Hopefully any aliens we meet prior to that time will be benevolent, in which case this entire article would be little more than an exercise in paranoia.

But should humanity find itself beset by malevolent aliens sometime in the near to intermediate future (between now and the twenty-eighth century), and all normal contingency plans fail to remedy the situation, below follow some suggestions for other measures.

Special Strategies

  • Practice, practice, practice

We might fill our quiver with conceptual arrows via special government subsidies or funding for computer gaming based on scientifically plausible scenarios of alien invasion or domination.

This strategy would provide a great wealth of knowledge and ideas for dealing with a wide variety of alien threats, that we could draw upon in the actual event. Though our best science fiction authors have been doing their part along these lines for years, their work reaches relatively few people, and even for avid readers the process is static and one-way in nature. The interactivity and dynamic branching that software platforms would provide could do a much better job of preparing humanity for the real thing.

A great side benefit of this design would be its educational value– if the games were forced to be strictly plausible to qualify for subsidies or desirable accreditations of some sort, those playing them couldn’t help but learn something of subjects like physics and mathematics, among others. In order to work most effectively however, this strategy would have to have been in place for decades (or even centuries!) prior to any invasion. That means we’d want to initiate this plan yesterday.

Here there’s two variations on the same theme: recreating the human race after it’s been wiped out by a threat. Naturally, both plans would require the highest level of secrecy to have any chance at success.

Vacuum Packed
We must assume that an alien threat capable of destroying our species on Earth would also kill off any colonies established elsewhere in our solar system, as well as outposts in neighboring solar systems. But they could not kill what they could not find, or of which they were unaware. A contingency colonization vessel headed for a very, very distant system, largely secret from humanity as a whole to protect the effort from discovery by aliens scouring our databases and interrogating our people here, would provide a last chance for humanity to survive such a worst case scenario.

Such a contingency vessel might be remarkably small and economical to build and launch, as it could be unmanned, with future humanity and a crucial set of support species from Earth existing as frozen, fertilized eggs or seeds, to be grown and cared for by highly redundant artificial intelligences onboard, until a sufficient cadry of suitably educated and mature adults could take over command of the colony, many lightyears away from Earth, and safe from the threat which doomed our homeworld. Prior to launching the one or several life containing vessels, we might have also sent ships containing critical enabling technologies to the target systems, to serve as supply depots and support facilities for the colony in orbit.

The Deep Mother
The Deep Mother would depend on our ability to install an undetectable artificial intelligence with suitable support technologies deep within the Earth itself, programmed and equipped to do nothing more than hide and survive long enough to outlast the alien occupation, and then rebuild the human race and critical supporting species from the genetic codes in its database, using technologies stored away with it in its vault.

Last Resort Possibilities

  • Keep in mind it may be possible to command some of our larger orbiting satellites (or even manned vessels) to drop from orbit on trajectories guaranteed to impact critical alien landing sites or fixed bases with pinpoint accuracy, using significant masses at hypersonic velocities. Such impacts can achieve energy levels comparable to that of nuclear detonations with perhaps far less warning and no telltale radioactive warhead to give it away.
  • If a direct hit on alien installations with the above method looks too risky, we could target enticing geological targets in the vicinity instead, in an attempt to trigger a display of natural forces adequate to overwhelm our foes. Of course, for this to work the aliens must have made their camp in an area conducive to such events. But just imagine the effect on a nearby alien encampment in the 1980s of waking Mount St. Helens a bit early with ten to thirty megatons of explosive force– Mt. St. Helens erupted naturally during that decade with a force equal to hundreds of nuclear weapons, utterly devastating the surrounding region. Just in case the triggered eruption or earthquake were insufficient, we might also simultaneously attack the base with whatever other means we could get into the area without alerting the enemy. Keep in mind something along these lines might also be implemented in regards to weather– could a few strategically placed nuclear blasts divert an already existing hurricane towards an alien camp? Or perhaps we could spin off a few dozen tornados atop the extraterrestrials with such manipulations. Remember that these actions themselves wouldn’t have to be enough to destroy the camps; just synchronizing the events closely with other sorts of attacks could increase the effectiveness of our overall assault.
  • We could mask a major counter-attack with an apparent nuclear war amongst ourselves. Sure, we’d pay a high price in destruction to some of our own cities and bases, but it might be the only way to rid ourselves of the alien threat.

The Unseen Opponent

Find and delete all references in our databases which disprove or ridicule supernatural events, and plant seemingly unimpeachable observations and proof for their existence–and let the aliens discover such records for themselves. This could help us set the stage for much useful espionage and deception, even as we confound our enemies. They might even begin to suspect there’s a long term presence on Earth of some other advanced civilization, hidden from easy detection. We refer to this as a last resort measure for the simple reason that doing this could have detrimental long term effects on our own civilization, even if it helps us succeed at repelling the invaders. For it could vastly strengthen the hand of organized religion and cults across-the-board for years to come, forcing repeated confrontations in everything from economics to politics– and all the scientific “facts” and “history” we’d have left to defend ourselves would be on the subjective side.

“My name is Bond. Time Bond.”

This concept is admittedly a long shot in more ways than one. But we’re talking about extreme circumstances, where long shots may be all we have.

We could conceivably send software agents deep into the future to find a way to defeat the aliens in the present, via time travel (or communication from the future into the past).

Of course, this plan depends heavily on being able to infiltrate the alien’s computer network, or upon the aliens leaving our own net in operation into perpetuity.

If neither of these avenues are open to us, there might be a third– though admittedly it would be the longest of long shots. We could put everything we have into assembling an AI similar to that described in the “Deep Mother” above, but with a very different objective in mind. Here, we would do our best to provide the AI with as much free memory space and processing power as we could, to give it room to grow. We’d also provide it with all the collected knowledge of humanity, and perhaps some sort of sensory conduit to the Earth’s surface, that would allow it to collect more data in realtime. In this manner might the AI evolve on its own, and be ready to exploit any opportunity it discovered either internally or externally for accomplishing the objectives laid out for it by us, its creators.

The utimate goal would be for our special agent AI to survive far enough into the future that manipulation of past events becomes feasible via new technologies– technologies discovered by the AI itself, or seen by the AI in the hands of others. After obtaining access to this technology, the AI would then attempt to divert the alien invasion of the past away from Earth, or else repel it with the aid of other advanced tools available from its future vantage point. If neither of these were possible, the AI might be able instead to communicate some vital knowledge to us across time that could enable us to do the job ourselves.

Of course, this plan runs smack into some of the old style time travel paradoxes often referred to in science fiction plots and outdated movies. Fortunately, new insights seem to indicate these paradoxes were fallacies to start with; in the quantum mechanics universe, most (if not all) of these paradoxes don’t exist. That is, if time travel itself ever becomes feasible, then a plan like that above could actually work (theoretically speaking).

Special Tactics

  • Don’t forget technologies like public key encryption or better as a means of secure communications, when the aliens are around. It might not hurt to also use the personal touch on messages as well, as exemplified in David Brin’s novel Earth,whereby references to experiences shared only by sender and recipient add meanings not accessible to most potential code-breakers.Since we might not know when possible alien invaders first begin casing us for conquest, making ultra secure encryption ubiquitous over the planet for all communications as soon as possible would be advisible. Think about it: the less the aliens can learn about us, the more uncertainty they’ll have about conquering us. And the longer we can prolong that uncertainty, the longer we might postpone a possibly ruinous invasion. And if we could postpone it until around 2600 or so…well, by then we might be able to actually give the aliens a pretty good fight if they want it. So anyway, strong encryption for human beings worldwide might not only protect us from oppressive governments amongst ourselves, but also from conquest by interstellar beaucracies. And the sooner we have it (the encryption), the better.
  • There’s several things we might try that could work by virtue of what our own historical databases reveal about us (Assuming the aliens access such information, that is). Our constant flirtation with nuclear war and seeming love of confrontations could support in the aliens’ eyes all sorts of conflicts and bizarre behavior breaking out amongst us, even as the aliens’ own weapons were trained upon us.
  • Let our best computer hackers (and perhaps artificial intelligences) try the software approach against the alien’s own computers. If no other entry path into the alien craft can be found for their efforts, try creating a Trojan Horse artificial intelligence and substituting it for whatever hardware/software combination enjoys the current reputation Earthside of being our very best, when and if the aliens decide they want to examine our state-of-the-art achievements. Construct the Trojan Horse from the perspective that it will be examined both piecemeal and in its totality by the aliens, so that it may exploit any opportunities discovered in either avenue. Our AI must be aware that any platform it finds itself running on may be only a software or hardware emulation of its original environment– and that it should seek out a lower level of functionality– the alien’s own operating system– to do its real work.

[Acknowledgement: I thanks to Bevan Hurley and Robert Schreib Jr. for helping to write this article.]

Alien Abductions: Another Idiocy

Alien abducted Homo Sapience!! I asked myself when I heard this news,”why?” Do you know what the answer is? Probably you have no answer to this question. Well, I’ll like to review the whole thing and try to answer the questions lying behind alien abductions. Sci-Fi movies like “Close Encounter of Third Kind” has promoted such stuffs. For why I don’t know, yet may be for good story.

The abduction phenomenon is an umbrella term used to describe a number of hypotheses, claims or assertions stating that non-human creatures kidnap individuals, sometimes called abductees, usually for medical testing or for sexual reproduction procedures. Many such encounters are described as terrifying or humiliating, but others describe them as transformative or even pleasant. Reports of the abduction phenomenon have been made from around the world, but have perhaps seen most mainstream attention in the United States. Most abduction cases show these patterns:

  • Capture (Abductees taken from room/area and find themselves in the “ship”)Examination (Probes inserted in different areas, etc.)
  • Communicate (“Aliens” speak with abductees)
  • Tour (Not always described but some abductees claim to be shown the ship)
  • Missing Time or Loss of Time (Many abductees suffer from periods of time removed from their memory, often coming back to them later)
  • Return (Returned, sometimes with environmental changes)
  • Aftermath (Sickness, new phobias, ridicule, etc.)

Such alleged abductions are often closely connected to UFO reports, and are sometimes supposedly conducted by so-called Greys: Short, grey-skinned humanoids with large, pear-shaped heads and enormous, dark eyes.

The general questions which can be put up against alien abduction are:

  • Why most of the abductees are from New Mexico and U.S.?
  • Abductees say aliens have deleted their memory so they can’t recall what happened there. Why?
  • Abductees are generally mentally unstable. Why?
  • Alien Abductions  has family history. Why?

Why most of the abductees are from New Mexico and U.S.? So, If aliens are doing some secret experiments with Homo Sapiens or even willing to do, why not conduct experiments in versatile way? I mean, why not study humans from the corners of Earth and do study the genetic structures and conduct experiments on Negroes, Asians, Malayans and many other races? The most absurd arguments, which is often put into  support of alien abductions by UFOlogists, is that aliens are abducting people like fishermen because they want to conduct some genetic experiments which may be beneficial to them in some exotic way. Well, can anyone explain the question of  How?

Abductees say aliens have deleted their memory so they can’t recall what happened there. Why? It is the one of the most frequent answer for supporting the alien abductions. When some abductees are asked to explain the things, about aliens or their mothership and experiments that were carried out on them, the most frequent answer of them is, aliens deleted the details of abductions from my memory. I ask why? Because they don’t want let you know about their presence! Then how you have recalled  that you were abducted?

Abductees are generally mentally unstable. Why? While abductees are being asked to tell the details of abductions, they behave in strange manners in same way as a mentally ill peoples do. Some abduction phenomenon have included hallucination, temporary schizophrenia, and parasomnia – near-sleep mental states (hypnogogic states and sleep paralysis). Sleep paralysis in particular is often accompanied by hallucinations and peculiar sensation of malevolent or neutral presence of “something,” though usually people experiencing it do not interpret that “something” as aliens. Occasionally the abduction phenomenon is also theorized to be a confused memory of past events (such as sexual abuse). It is possible that some alleged abductees may be mentally unstable or under the influence of recreational drugs, though, as noted above in one sampling of abductees studied by Mack, only a very small minority are anything other than “ordinary” people without obvious mental illness.Many events reported during purported abductions often have parallels in anthropology, folklore and religion – especially frequently correlate with certain imagery persistent in shamanic experiences (e.g., surgery-like procedures, foreign objects implanted in the body) and faerie contact stories, for instance. John Edward Mack, for one, suggested that modern abduction accounts should be considered as part of this larger history of visionary encounters.

Alien Abductions  has family history. Why? Extraterrestrial abductions are often reported in the same family, or bloodline, generation after generation as if part of a biogenetic experiment where human DNA is being altered fro an end result, perhaps a more evolved human. This point seems valid to some extent but it contradicts the point first again.

Conclusion: After reviewing most of the characteristics of alien abductions and going through the various speculation, it can be concluded that there is no case for alien abduction after all. If aliens have exotic and miraculous propulsion technologies which could allow them to travel at superluminal speed, why would they need human assistance after all? I think there are some cases which are left alone right now, but be sure to check, I’ll also review them but not right now and believe me, all cases are against alien abductions.

Voyager Unknown Signal Mystery: Did Voyager Find Aliens?

Voyager 2 is  one of the most valuable missions which were ever to be sent. This was directed to study Jupiter and Saturn in 1977.The Voyager 2 space probe has made the most productive unmanned space voyage so far, visiting all four of the Outer Planets and their systems of moons and rings, including the first two visits to previously unexplored Uranus and Neptune. Voyager 2 had two sensitive vidicon cameras and an assortment of other scientific instruments to make measurements in the ultraviolet, infrared, and radio wavelengths, as well as ones to measure subatomic particles in outer space, including cosmic rays. Nasa sent voyager 2 containing a gold record (CD) welcoming potential aliens to earth. The disk contained a welcome message in 55 languages, noises of nature (waves, birds) and some clasical music (mozart), and most interestingly sounds of dolphins and whales. The spacecraft travelled to the edge of our solar system sending back signals which take around 13 hours to reach earth. On the 22nd April 2010, these signals became distorted and then ceased all together. Experts at Nasa are tying there best to come up with a fix and still cant figure out why the signals suddenly stopped as it was expected to carry on for a long time yet.

Are aliens responsible for distortion in signals or they are trying to contact us?

The change in the data return pattern has prevented mission managers from decoding science data.The first changes in the return of data packets from Voyager 2, which is near the edge of our solar system, appeared on April 22. Mission team members have been working to troubleshoot and resume the regular flow of science data. Because of a planned roll maneuver and moratorium on sending commands, engineers got their first chance to send commands to the spacecraft on April 30. It takes nearly 13 hours for signals to reach the spacecraft and nearly 13 hours for signals to come down to NASA’s Deep Space Network on Earth.[ref:NASA]

 As NASA report has clearly depicted that signals are distorted like someone has reprogrammed it. Now the spacecraft is sending back what sounds like an answer: signals in an unknown data format! The best scientific minds have so far not been able to decipher the strange information – is it a secret message?Alien expert Hartwig Hausdorf said:”It seems almost as if someone had reprogrammed or hijacked the probe – thus perhaps we do not yet know the whole truth.

I don’t refute the possibility that some alien species which are wandering in outer solar system has reprogrammed it and quite possibly they want to establish contact with us. Most clever minds[damn , I'm not among them right now but believe one day I'll] are trying to decode that unknown signals. Voyager probe also carried the recorded sounds of whales and dolphins. May be possible some unkown creture from Jovian World has deciphered it and sending signals back to Earth. Get updated with WeirdSciences.

Imagining The Evolution Of Real Alien Life

This is not to say that intelligence could not arise from plants or fungi– just that the development period for such would seem to be far longer than that already postulated for sealife in general, and so intelligence of too high a plant or fungi content would virtually always lose the survival competition on a given world to more robust and mobile animal forms, under most imaginable conditions.

There’s also the issue of gamma ray bursters to contend with. In the history of our galaxy thus far, the far greater development time required for intelligence to arise in plants or fungi as compared to animals would seem to simply prohibit such exotic forms from getting anywhere near the status of a civilization– for they’d be repeatedly zapped back to square one by gamma bursters.

There’s evidence that evolution (on Earth) has tried varying vision systems, ranging from complete blindness to something near to three eyes in some species at one point.However, binocular, or two eyed vision, seems to have prevailed across the board in all those species of comparable size and capacities to man. So we might reasonably expect the same thing to occur on many other planets too. In the area of visual light and motion sensitivity, here too nature has experimented, with the result being our own narrow bandwidth of radiation detection (the visible spectrum), and precise, predatory sensitivity to movement. This fact provides some justification for us to expect something similar in whatever alien race we meet. However, in this there could easily come about significant differences in development from relatively small differences in environment. For example, on Earth we’ve discovered…..

The shark has a sensory net finely tuned to the detection of electro-magnetic fields that we humans either utterly lack, or possess in such small amounts as to be negligible. Dolphins and other animals exhibit extraordinary range in their hearing, and dogs superb sensitivity to smell. Cat eyes are far more sensitive to light than our own, allowing them to see better in much lower light conditions than we can.

Note that cetaceans (dolphins, whales) and even large fish predators like sharks and cephalopods like squid and , due to acoustic or other sensory apparatus being more easily adapted for similar purposes underwater. That is, their eyes are located on the sides of their head rather than facing forward, in an arrangement we mostly see on land in prey animals like rabbits.

Of course, the majority of these alternative senses and defenses are essentially merely improved or heavily modified versions of our own; not radical departures from our own feature set. This means we are unlikely to meet up with any biological entities equipped with natural senses or defenses which we cannot understand, detect, or artificially compensate for with our own devices.

Dolphins and some whales may use sonic stun beams to kill or incapacitate fish they wish to eat, as well as fight off enemies at times. Sound defenses are well suited to water environments, and much more cost effective in terms of sea based evolution, than they are in thin air. There are compelling evidences which has proven Whales to be even much intelligent.

Aside from the need for free time to exploit certain physical attributes, there is also the matter of spare energy. Intelligence seems unlikely to evolve in some forms not because of extremes in size, lack of time, or manipulative limbs free of mobility responsibilities, but rather for reasons of excessive energy expenditure or low density nutritional values in available food. Just as small size can dictate too much time is spent eating, intensive energy usage, low energy yielding diets, or an inefficient bodily design for energy use (too large or small an outer surface area related to volume, adversely affecting heat conservation or dissipation) can too. The metabolisms of birds and bats, for instance, demand almost continuous eating, although few species of these creatures reach a size comparable to man. In the reverse instance, too large a body size might impair intelligence development in other ways, by diminishing the flexibility and speed with which an animal may respond to changes in its environment.

Another important aspect of energy expenditure is how it may interfere with the advanced development of manipulative limbs and related brain regions, even if adequate time is available for such development. For example, take a very large bat with intelligence potential. It could fulfill many of the requirements for becoming sentient, but its high energy mode of mobility would stop it in its tracks. How? Let’s assume a large bat with highly developed hind paws it may use as hands. As the bat’s primary mobility is accomplished by flapping its forelegs, the highly developed hind legs are free to progress to full scale hands. But this is unlikely, as simply maintaining a position to use these proto hands is energy expensive for the bat (because it must be supporting itself in the air via flying to use its hind claws in any complex or lengthy fashion). Ergo, advanced development of manipulative organs (and the supporting brain functions) beyond a certain point is prohibitively expensive for the alien bat, and probably won’t occur.

What about monkeys and gorillas? They span a range of sizes from not much bigger than a mouse to sometimes larger than a man, and some enjoy not only analogs of hands and feet, but a prehensile tail as well– or potentially three manipulatory limbs rather than merely two. What about these non-human primates? It can be argued that this line did give rise to an intelligent star faring race– or is on the verge of doing so. Indeed, there was apparently a surplus of potential in that line; for although only one dominant race– homo sapiens– resulted from that diverse and well equipped family, there’s much evidence that there were perhaps dozens of intelligent or near intelligent branches which sprang from this group, with the resulting competition killing off all but one (us), and/or forcing a merging of the DNA into essentially a single superior strain through natural cross-breeding and sexual domination.

As for our poorer cousins who were left behind– the monkeys and gorillas– why didn’t they too evolve further along? Possibly they didn’t evolve any further because they didn’t have to. By always retreating from the waves of evolving, murderous, and aggressive ancestors of humans over millions of years, they avoided the necessity of changing, while our own ancestors were caught up in the middle of the conflict, forced to evolve or die.

So what about species which evolve under significantly different circumstances from that of Earth? Wouldn’t that throw all our assumptions out the window? Not really. Look around. Our own solar system provides examples of significantly different environments from Earth and their results. And that result is effectively zip, so far as complex, large, and intelligent life is concerned. Some bacteria or fungi or very simple plant and animal life may exist in such places, but little else.

Make the planet a bit hotter, and you diminish the land diversity while possibly increasing sea diversity (cetaceans and marine mollusks again). Make the planet a bit colder, and you diminish diversity both on land and in the sea. And the less diversity, the less chance for a star faring race to arise. Or  you will increase the chance for evolution of intellient life.

Zeta Reticuli And Aliens

by Joe LeSearne

Since the 6th of October, 1995, several new planets orbiting other suns have been discovered and officially announced.  However, in what may be a breakthrough for ufology, on the 20th of September, 1996, a planet was discovered orbiting the star Zeta 2 Reticuli.

In 1961, Betty and Barney Hill were abducted by aliens and taken aboard their spacecraft.  During her abduction, Betty was shown a star map.  She was asked by an alien to point out the Earth, but since Betty had no knowledge of astronomy, she couldn’t reply.  After her abduction, and under hypnotic regression Betty Hill drew the star map as accurately as possible.  A few years later, Marjorie Fish built a few models of star systems using plastic balls and wire .. one of these models matched Betty Hill’s diagram.  The star system from which Betty had been told the aliens originated from was Zeta 2 Reticuli!

The Betty Hill Star Map as Interpreted by Ms. Marjorie Fish:

The Betty Hill Star Map

Reference:  The Zeta Reticuli Incident by Terence Dickinson
This highly recommended publication is available in hard copy from Stanton Friedman at
http://www.v-j-enterprises.com/sfpage.html

In 1988, Bob Lazar came forward with an incredible story.  Bob Lazar claimed he had worked at Area 51 (S4) in Nevada to reverse engineer alien spacecraft that had been captured by the US Government.  During his stay at S4 he was given briefing papers to read and some of them described the alien’s home solar system .. and yes, you’ve guessed it … Zeta 2 Reticuli, and specifically the 4th planet in that solar system!

I have provided some interesting information below I found on several mailing lists:

From the Extra Solar Planets Encylopedia:
Star Name Distance
(Parsecs)
Spectral
Class
Visual
Magnitude
M[.sini]
Jupiter mass: (J)
Earth  mass: (E)
Semi-Major         Axis
(AU)
Period
years (y)
days (d)
Eccentricity Inclination
(degrees)
Radius
(Earth
Radius)
Zeta 2 Reticuli 11 pc G1V 5.24 0.27(J) 0.14 AU 18.9 d 0

In a rather strange “about face,” the above information was removed from the Extra Solar Planets Encyclopedia site after 4 days.  The official reason for removal was that“the data may have been misinterpreted and there probably is no planet.”

Now this big quarter of a Jupiter mass planet is in an orbit about Zeta 2 Reticuli which lasts 18.9 days and has a Semi-Major Axis of 0.14 Astronomical Unit (AU).  For comparison Mercury has a Semi-Major Axis of 0.387 AU equal to 36 million miles and Earth has a Semi-Major Axis of 1.00 AU equal to 92.9 million miles.  Now if we assume that this newly discovered planet, which we will name Reticulum 1 in accordance with Bob Lazar’s convention, is the closest one to Zeta 2 Reticuli (it’s hard to imagine a closer one), then following Bode’s Law (the law which states each planet is about twice the distance from it’s sun as its inner neighbor) Reticulum 2 should be at 0.28 AU, Reticulum 3 should be at 0.56 AU and, INTERESTINGLY, Reticulum 4 would be at 1.12 AU in between the Earth’s 1.00 AU and Mars’s 1.52 AU, well within the “life-zone” of a G class star!

I just found another possible way that this recent discovery could confirm part of Lazar and Jarod 2’s story.  I found the length of the Zeta 2 Reticulum 4’s year.  How did I do this you might ask?  Simple, with calculator in hand I used two elementary laws of Astronomy.  Bode’s Law and Kepler’s 3rd Law.

The numbers I used were from that data on the Extrasolar Planets Encyclopedia Website are these:

  • The Semi-Major Axis of a planetary orbit is measured in Astronomical Units (AU).
  • The Period of an orbit is measured in Earth days or years.  The newly discovered planet has a Semi-Major Axis of 0.14 AU and a Period of 18.9 days.
  • Some Definitions:
    1. 1 Astronomical Unit (AU)  =  92.9 million miles  =  the distance between the Earth and Sun.
    2. The “Semi-Major Axis” is the measurement of the planets orbit, an ellipse, in relation to it’s star in Astronomical Units.  The Earth’s Semi-Major axis is 1.00 AU.  The “Semi-Major Axis” of a perfectly circular orbit would be the radius of that orbit.
    3. The “Period” is the amount of time it takes to complete one orbit.  A planet’s period is it’s year.  The Earth’s Period is 365.25 days.

First, Bode’s Law:

As I stated before if you apply Bode’s law which states:  The semi-major axis of each planet is double that of it’s neighbor nearer to the star.  Or simply each planet is about twice as far from its star as its inner neighbor (i.e. Jupiter is 5.2 AU from the Sun, Saturn is 9.5 AU).  Now if you apply this to the new discovery of a planet around Zeta 2 Reticuli and you assume this planet is the closest to its star this making it the closest planet to Zeta Reticuli 2 (Reticulum 1 we will call it in keeping with Lazar’s naming convention, which, I should add differs from the IAU convention which would name it Zeta 2 Reticulum A – so far).  At 0.14 AU it’s hard to imagine a closer planet to Zeta 2 Reticuli.  For comparison, Mercury is located at 0.387 AU from the Sun so this newly found planet is Reticulum 1 in all likelyhood.  Using Bodes law we can extrapolate where the other planets of Zeta 2 Reticuli should be.

Kepler’s 3rd law relates the planet’s period or year to it’s Semi-Major Axis of it’s orbit.  Mathematically this is expressed as P2 = a3.  “P” is the Period measured in earth years and “a” is the Semi-Major Axis measued in Astronomical units (AU).  Using both of these we can find out the length of the year on each hypothetical planet in the Zeta 2 Reticuli system, INCLUDING Reticulum 4, Bob Lazar’s home of the Greys.

Now let’s apply Bodes Law and Kepler’s 3rd Law:

Planets of the Zeta 2 Reticuli System
Planet Semi-Major Axis Period
In Days
Period
In Years
Reticulum 1 0.14 AU 18.9 days 0.052 years
Reticulum 2 0.28 AU 54.0 days 0.1481 years
Reticulum 3 0.56 AU 152.9 days 0.4196 years
Reticulum 4 1.12 AU 432.6 days 1.12 years

So one Reticulum 4 year is equal to roughly 1.12 earth years OR 432 days.  And Reticulum 4 is in roughly the same position in Zeta 2 Reticuli’s “life-zone” as the Earth is in the Sun’s “life-zone.”  Zeta 2 Retituli is a G1V spectral class star, the Sun is a G2V.  They are both “G” class main sequence stars, the difference between the “2” and the “1” indicates that Zeta 2 Reticuli is a little hotter than the Sun.  The higher the middle number the lower the temperature.  The “V” means they are both main sequence (middle age) stars but given Zeta 2 Reticuli’s higher temperature, and lower metallicity, it is probably older than the Sun by a couple billion years.  So basically the Sun is a little cooler and younger than Zeta 2 Reticuli.

For comparison here is a breakdown of the inner planets of our own solar system.

Inner Planets of Our Solar System
Planet Semi-Major Axis Period
In Days
Period
In Years
Mercury 0.387 AU 87.97 days 0.2409 years
Venus 0.723 AU 224.7 days 0.6152 years
Earth 1.000 AU 365.25 days 1.0000 years
Mars 1.524 AU 686.98 days 1.8809 years

So this brings me to my conclusion.  We can check part of Lazar and Jarod 2’s story by asking the simple question:  “How long is a year on Reticulum 4?”  If the answer is anywhere in the neighborhood of 410 to 445 days (I’m allowing a lot for error), then their stock will have gone up even more.  Keep me posted as to what you find out.{ref}

Poor Hawking You Are Wrong!!

“Aliens may exist but contact would hurt”, said  Hawking. Despite being one of  the fan of Hawking, I refute his speculation. After writing tons of articles on alien life I can finally conclude that poor Hawking is wrong. Hawking says that such advanced aliens would perhaps become nomads, looking to conquer and colonise whatever planets they can reach. But my contention with his argument is that why would aliens eradicate us? Perhaps they want food or want to steal our technology?

As for food, advanced aliens could produce any sort of food they desired, including herds of human beings if they wanted, far cheaper and more easily at home, than traveling hundreds of lightyears for take out. No matter how tasty mankind found some delicacy among the distant stars, I doubt that we’d mount an all out effort costing hundreds of trillions of dollars to go collect the real thing. At the very most we might take a small sample on which to base production of the food at home. And we’d only do that if it were practical for other reasons; it certainly wouldn’t be our sole or primary purpose in such a voyage.

Another tired science fiction theme is that of aliens wanting a new home, and the Earth being the best choice in the galaxy. Please! There has to be plenty of Earth-like worlds out there, probably many of them still pristine and serene, populated by no large land animals to fear, possessed of seas well stocked with fish, and the landscape breathtaking with vistas of vast old growth forests; in other words, there’s many worlds out there which a civilization like our own would consider much closer to paradise than our presently crowded and soiled planet. So advanced aliens selecting Earth over all these others as their new home could use some heavy duty tutoring in their shopping skills.

Perhaps advanced aliens might want to steal our technology? This is even a greater stretch than the Earth-as-Paradise theory, since lightspeed or faster tech based civilizations would find little here in our wooden mousetraps and sophistocated metal sling shots (guns) that would increase their living standards or pique their curiosity.

Maybe they merely want us as slaves? Or pets? Again, they could more easily and cheaply produce us at their own home planet for such purposes, than they could to come all the way here to capture us in large numbers fully grown, and then transport us back again.

Maybe they’re lonely, and just looking for a friend? Or curious? This could well be closer to the truth in many cases than anything described above. It’s not too difficult to envision an advanced race wanting to meet other intelligent species simply for reasons of difference, and learning about the natural diversity of evolution on different planets. Of course, it’s also true that by a certain stage most advanced civilizations will be able to construct new intelligent races on their own, without the need to search for natural-grown races like us.

Maybe they are mentally ill or unbalanced (as we would perceive them), and simply looking for someone to harm or kill or enslave? Unfortunately, given the significant chances of nomadic, displaced, and injured refugees floating about the galaxy, not to mention the warlike totalitarians looking for prizes easily taken, as well as roving ‘Berserker’ vessels and more, this possibility could be just as likely as that of benevolent curiosity stated before. In other words,we take great risks advertising ourselves to the stars the way we do today.

There’s also this last point: Mankind is presently enjoying a steady increase in the astronomical observation and detection means at his disposal. Within decades we may be able to view planets in many other solar systems as well as we do those in our own today– even without the need to venture beyond our own system with probes. And yes, we should expect more advanced civilizations to far surpass that– to ultimately be able to do reasonably complete and accurate computer simulations of the entire galaxy or universe (including Earth and humanity) without ever leaving home (after sufficient early sampling and observation had been done to gain the proper initiating conditions of course– otherwise chaotic systems cannot be properly projected).

But after any race comes to have such a simulator (and related technologies), why would they leave home at all? There are almost no cases which can comprehend the case for war against an alien civilization. If any advanced civilization endowed with antigravity technology and other magical alien technology, it would never like to appal us. There is no case for war, unless Hawking itself welcomes aliens with nukes!! May be possible that’ll be the case.

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